— Copyright Dorothy Sloan 2013 —
Acceptance of the Patronage of Virgin of Guadalupe for Mexico
With a Remarkable Engraving of the Virgin Saving Mexico City from the Pestilence
567. [VIRGIN OF GUADALUPE]. CABRERA Y QUINTERO, Cayetano. Escudo de armas de Mexico: Celestial protección de esta nobilissima ciudad, de la Nueva-España, y de casi todo el Nuevo Mundo, Maria Santissima, en su portentosa imagen del mexicano Guadalupe, milagrosamente apparecida en el Palacio Arzobispado el año de 1531. Y jurada su principal patrona el passado de 1737. En la angustia que ocasionò la pestilencia... Describiala de orden...del ilustrissimo, y excelentissimo Señor Dr. D. Juan Antonio de Vizarron, y Eguiarreta...D. Cayetano de Cabrera, y Quintero...a expensas, y solicitude de esta nobilissima ciudad..... Mexico: Impresso...Por la Viuda de D. Joseph Bernardo de Hogal, impressora del Real, y Apostolico Tribunal de la Santa Cruzada, en todo este Reyno , 1746. , 1-522, [24, index] pp. (running title: Celestial proteccion de la ciudad de Mexico, side notes), title printed in red and black, copper-engraved frontispiece: Jridiís haud florens oculos deludat imago; | Ærea sub trino Pelta colore latet. |...| Josephus de Ibarra Inventor | Balthasar Troncoso delineavit et exculp. | Mexice. | ao 1743 (scene of the epidemic in Mexico City with a beautiful rendering of the appearance of the Virgin of Guadalupe at upper right and a depiction of the author at far left writing this history) by Baltasar Troncoso y Sotomayor, woodcut arms at front, occasional wood-engraved text ornamentation. Folio (29 x 21 cm), contemporary limp vellum, author and title in sepia ink on spine. Marca de fuega (heart pierced by arrows). Binding and text block separated, otherwise a fine copy, better than any that have been on market in the past two decades. Very rare.
First edition of the standard history of Mexico City up to the time of publication, and a great source for the history and social life of this important New World capital. This handsome Mexican imprint documents acceptance of the patronage of the Virgin of Guadalupe for all of New Spain, which then embraced the regions from Northern California to El Salvador (papal confirmation came in 1754). Beristáin de Souza, Biblioteca Hispano Americana Setentrional (1883), Vol. I, p. 205. JCB III (1, 1700-1771) #819: “A work abounding in the marvelous”. Guerra, Iconografia Medica Mexicana 297. Huth I: 251. Leclerc, Bibliotheca Americana (1867) 248; (1878) 1087. Mathes, Bibliotheca Novohispana Guadalupana, p. 54 (illustrated p. 142 MM). Medina, México 3752. Palau 38956 & 372253. Price, Medical Americana in the Library of the Wellcome Institute, pp. 63-4: “Eight hundred copies were printed of which 437 were published; the remainder were collected and burned at the order of the first Viceroy Revillagigedo [1746-55].... This elaborate and pious recital by a literary cleric of events leading to the proclamation of Nra. Sra. de Guadalupe de Mexico as Patroness of the City of Mexico, was written in thanksgiving for her protection during the great epidemic of matlazagual of 1736-37. It includes a list of the 26 processions (1577-1737) of her image in times of epidemic, drought, famine and national danger...and provides details of mortality in other areas and a table of deaths in the City.” Sabin 9817. Winsor VIII:249.
The engraved frontispiece is one of the most remarkable and iconic engravings of colonial Mexico. Mathes, La Ilustración en México colonial (Register No. 3752): “Most probably a relative of Diego Troncoso, Baltasar Troncoso y Sotomayor was his contemporary and his equal in the engraving of fine plates.... Among the most important and striking engravings executed in New Spain was his Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe over the City of Mexico, conceived by [Mexican artist] José de Ibarra [1688-1756], engraved in 1743, the title page of Cayetano de Cabrera y Quintero, Escudo de Armas de Mexico, Viuda de Joseph Bernardo de Hogal, 1746, of which eight hundred copies were printed.” Romero de Terreros, Grabados y grabadores en la Nueva España, p. 547.
The book was printed by the widow of Joseph Bernardo de Hogal (d. 1741), whose excellent printing earned his printing house the sobriquet “the Ibarra of New Spain.” See CUEVAS AGUIRRE Y ESPINOSA herein for more on the Hogal press.
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