— Copyright Dorothy Sloan 2013 —
Signed by the Mexican General who was Never Defeated in the Texas War
“Mi Corazon mexicano palpita al aspecto del orgullo de la llamada república de Tejas”
558. URREA, José. José Urrea, Comandante General, y gobernado nombrado de Sonora. [text begins]: Compatriotas! Despues de algunos años de ausencia del lado de vosotros; despues de varias vicisitudes por las que tiene que pasar el hombre público que no puede alcanzar la posibilidad de sustituir el egoismo al patriotismo.... Mexico: Imprenta de Torres, calle del Espíritu Santo, No. 2, 1842.  pp., folio (32 x 22.3 cm). Heavily water-stained, edges chipped with some loss of blank margins, worm hole costing a few letters, several tears (some into text). Dated in type: Guymas, 1842, and signed in ink by Urrea (p. ). A rare survival.
First edition. Not in Streeter's biblography of Texas, or other standard sources. No copies on OCLC. In this statement, Urrea, who had just become governor of Sonora, states that now that the latest period of strife is done, he wants to advance the wellbeing of the state and its citizens, whom he urges to great efforts. He remarks, however, that continued problems with the area’s Native Americans are a difficulty that must still be solved, probably by providing more and better troops, he concludes. He states that his other main concerns are improving education and the justice and police systems. He includes a somewhat resentful, bitter paragraph about the Texans who are seeking to expand into New Mexico (“Mi corazon mexicano palpita al aspecto del orgullo de la llamada república de Tejas”) and calls on his fellow citizens to defend the state’s borders.
José Urrea (born at Tucson 1797-1849) is one of the heroes of Mexico, having held a number of political or military positions in Mexico, Texas, and the Borderlands. He served on Santa-Anna's expedition to Texas and held various commands. (A Texas rarity is his Noticias interesantes.... Toluca, 1836; Streeter 896, in which he reports triumphantly on engagements defeating the Texans in the early battles of the Texas Revolution). Although in command of Goliad when Fannin’s men were massacred, he was not present at the event. He opposed retreating from Texas and after the war published an important work defending his role in the Texas Revolution (Diario de las operaciones militares...la campaña de Tejas... Victoria de Durango, 1838; Streeter 940, & p. 219). His forces were never defeated in Texas. He served the Mexican military for forty years. Handbook of Texas Online: José de Urrea:
This unrecorded imprint bears the very rare signature of the one of the key players in the Texas Revolution, and a man deeply involved in major military and political events on Mexico.
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