80. [MAP]. YOUNG, J[ames] H[amilton]. Map of the State of Texas from the Latest Authorities. By J. H. Young. Published by Charles DeSilver Philadelphia....1858. Eng. by J[ohn] L. Hazzard. [at bottom below border] Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1856 by Charles DeSilver in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania | Charles DeSilver Publisher 714 Chesnut St. Philadelphia. [inset map at upper left] Northern Texas on the Same Scale as the Larger Map [inset map at lower left] Map of Galveston Bay from the U.S. Coast Survey. [table at left] Population &c of Texas according to the Census of 1850 [table at right] Railroads, etc. in Texas. Philadelphia, 1858. Lithograph map, original pastel color wash and outline color in pink, ornamental border. Border to border: 33.3 x 40 cm. Folded into pocket covers (12.5 x 8 cm), original black roan, Mitchell’s Map of Texas lettered in gilt on upper cover, both covers blind-stamped, tan paper pastedowns. Map with uniform light foxing, slightly faded, some staining from original adhesive where map was attached to pocket folder, a few tiny losses and reinforcement at some folds, contemporary ink notations on Galveston Bay inset, verso with contemporary pencil notations concerning distances to Aransas Pass, Corpus Christi, and Brazos Santiago.
Rare pocket map issue of a map originally published by Young in 1850 and appearing numerous times in various formats, including atlases. The map was continuously updated to reflect changes in transportation and such things as creations of new counties. Day, p. 65. See Taliaferro 311A & 311B for the 1855 and 1856. Reflecting the progress and westward push of Texas settlers, the map shows a well-organized eastern Texas with many counties, railroads, and roads connecting most towns. In the unsettled west are shown proposed railroads, a few roads, passes, trails, and forts, including the so-called Emigrant’s Route, which links up with Whiting and Smith’s route to El Paso. Emigrants who stayed are reflected in the notation “German Sett[lements]” shown on the Llano River just east of Fort Mason. Many forts are shown, including Clark, Bliss, McIntosh, McKavett, Lancaster, Martin Scott, Ringgold Barracks, etc. (active forts are underlined). Notable battles (Alamo, San Jacinto, Palo Alto, Resaca de Palma) are shown and dates provided. The map shows Texas’ border with New Mexico as decided in the Compromise of 1850.
An interesting feature of the map is the 1850 census table which lists 331 “free coloured” and 58,161 slaves out of a total population of just over 200,000 people. As a measure of the State’s progress, the population in 1857 is estimated at half a million people. ($1,500-3,000)
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